Weimar and Nazi Germany

Teaching Resources, ideas and links relating to a study of Weimar and Nazi Germany

In 1925 Germany held its second Presidential election. The incumbent President, Friedrich Ebert, was expected to win the election by a landslide. However his untimely death shortly before the first round of voting left the issue of Presidency quite open.

Vote Marx - Centre Party Election Pos

The election of a President had initially been scheduled to take place some time earlier, in 1922. However the constitution was amended to extend the term of office as a result of the troubles that the Weimar Republic was facing at that time. In 1925 Friedrich Ebert was not particularly loved by the German population, but was respected for the way in which he had handled the turmoil of the Republics early years. His death meant that a new President would be elected and provided opponents of the regime with an opportunity to exploit the situation.

The Presidential Elections were conducted over two rounds, with less popular candidates dropping out after the first round.

The First round results were:

Candidate Party Votes %
Karl Jarres German People’s Party, German National People’s Party 10,416,658 38.8
Otto Braun Social Democratic Party 7,802,497 29.0
Wilhelm Marx Centre Party 3,887,734 14.5
Ernst Thälmann Communist Party 1,871,815 7.0
Willy Hellpach German Democratic Party 1,568,398 5.8
Heinrich Held Bavarian People’s Party 1,007,450 3.7
Erich Ludendorff German Völkisch Freedom Party 285,793 1.1
Other candidates 25,761 0.1
Invalid/blank votes
Total 26,866,106 100
Registered voters/turnout 39,226,138 68.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver (Quoted on Wikipedia)

Following the first round of votes the most popular of the candidates, Karl Jarres, withdrew. It may seem odd that the leading candidate would withdraw. He did so to provide a platform for the popular former General, Paul von Hindenburg. Hindenburg was not only a popular figure throughout Germany but he was also a committed monarchist. Jarres decision to withdraw in his favour was done quite probably in the hope that not only would Hindenburg win but that as President he would ensure a more conservative and traditional form of Government.

The Second round of voting saw three candidates. Hindenburg represented the conservative, monarchist and right wing parties. Voters wanting a more left wing President had two options: Wilhelm Marx, of the Centre Party was one, and Ernst Thalmann of the KDP (Communist Party) was the other. The participation of Thalmann was a decisive factor in the result. Had he not stood it is quite possible that people who voted for him would have cast their vote for Marx – which would have resulted in a different outcome.

 

German Presidential Election, 1925.

The second round of votes had the following results:

Candidate Party Supported by Votes %
Paul von Hindenburg Independent DVP, DNVP, BVP 14,655,641 48.3
Wilhelm Marx Centre Party SPD, DDP 13,751,605 45.3
Ernst Thälmann Communist Party 1,931,151 6.4
Other candidates 13,416 0.0
Invalid/blank votes
Total 30,351,813 100
Registered voters/turnout 39,414,316 77.0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver (Quoted on Wikipedia)

As a result, Paul von Hindenburg was elected as the second President of the Weimar Republic.

Post Categories : Weimar Germany

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